Panama Travel Guide
Panama is one of Central America's best kept secrets.
With national airline Copa offering free layovers in Panama City, there's every reason to visit Panama. Most people associate the isthmus of Panama with the Panama Canal and this engineering marvel is so worth a visit.
There's charm in the old city Casco Viejo, modern skyscrapers in Panama City and the largest rain forest in the Americas after the Amazon. We had just a taste of what Panama is all about on a 3 day trip.
Here's a quick travel guide with tips for visiting Panama!
Panama Travel Guide
At a Glance
Location: Panama is located in Central America and actually belongs to the continent of North America, not South America.
Language: Spanish is the primary language spoken in Panama. It definitely helps to have at least a basic idea of common Spanish phrases!
Currency: The currency of Panama is the Panamanian Balboa… but the country actually has 2 universal currencies.
The Balboa is pegged 1:1 to the US Dollar and we saw usd being used everywhere. Credit cards are widely accepted in restaurants, hotels and grocery stores but it helps to bring some cash if you want to head into the more remote regional areas.
Electrical Outlet: Panama uses 110 volt electricity, the same as the US. We didn't need a plug adapter but had brought our universal adapter just in case.
Where is Panama?
Capital City: Panama City
Panama has one of the most unique geographies of any country in the world. Formed by shifting tectonic plates millions of years ago, land deposits pushed together to form a bridge between North America and South America. Panama is often called ‘the isthmus of Panama' because it features a narrow strip of land bridging two larger pieces.
The Isthmus of Panama Map
This geography inspired the creation of the Panama Canal and is responsible for Panama's incredible biodiversity. The Panamanian rainforest has some of the most concentrated flora and fauna to be found anywhere in North America.
Panama is bordered by Costa Rica to the west and Colombia to the east. After the country's independence from Spain in 1821, Panama became part of greater Colombia until it reached independence in 1903.Read more: 7 Things We Learned from a Visit to the Panama Canal
When To Go
Panama has a tropical climate, with a wet and dry season.
- Dry season is from mid December to mid April and holidays are especially popular.
- Low season occurs from mid April to mid December and has sporadic rain showers but also lower prices.
We visited in late September and found the weather in Panama to be hot and humid. Bring summer clothes but also pack a long sleeves or jacket as the AC is ramped up in most indoor places.
The best way to fly into Panama from New York is through Copa Airlines, the national Panamanian carrier which offers direct routes.
Copa offers a free layover in Panama City for travelers heading on to South America so we noticed lots of Spanish speaking passengers on board with us. Panama City's International Airport is called Tocumen International.
Where to Stay
We chose to stay in Casco Viejo, the Old Town just outside Panama City. If you like picturesque buildings, trendy restaurants and nightlife, this is the place to be!
Panama City itself is a modern city with thousands of skyscrapers. Most businessmen and visitors stay there but come to Casco Viejo at night to have fun.Read more: Hotel Review: American Trade
Best Places to Visit in Panama
Curious what there is to see in Panama? In short, there's a little bit of everything! Modern skyscrapers, rainforests, diving paradises and more.Read more: 10 Things You Must Do in Panama
Casco Viejo: Visit the Presidential Palace, see gorgeous Colonial Architecture and witness the revitalization of Old Panama.
Panama Canal: Did you know it takes a ship 8 to 10 hours to cross the canal? Stop by the Miraflores locks and museum to learn more about the Panama Canal and see a ship pass through! You can read more about our visit to the Panama Canal and its interesting history here.
Panama City: a rapidly developing city with ritzy condos, luxury hotels and great restaurants. With additional time, make sure to head outside Panama City to explore Panama's biodiverse jungles, idyllic island paradises, and green mountain forests.
Boquete: This scenic garden area is located in Panama's mountainous Chiriquí Highlands and is a famous destination for Americans looking to retire in Panama. Visit Boquete for excellent hiking, premier coffee plantations and incredible food.
Amadour Causeway: Grab a bike to cycle through the mile long Amadour Causeway. It's a breakwater connecting four islands and offers incredibly scenic views.
San Blas Islands: Panama has an archipelago of 378 islands in the Caribbean Sea. Only 49 of these are inhabited by the local, self-governing Kuna tribe. Get around by boat, snorkel in the coral reefs and relax on the islands. Expect rustic beach huts and bare bones infrastructure – the indigenous Kuna carefully control tourism and are devoted to preserving their ecological marine landscape.
Bocas del Toro: This spot is quite popular for surfing and snorkeling. This Panamanian province has some of Panama's most popular beaches like Starfish Beach as well as a biodiverse rainforest on the mainland. To visit Panama's interior, it's helpful to rent a car or hire a local driver!
Plan a Panama Vacation
With a short visit, we spent 3 days in the old town of Panama City, called ‘Casco Viejo' in Spanish. With colonial Spanish architecture and colorful buildings, this UNESCO Heritage sight makes for a quaint base. You can find our itinerary suggestions this post!Read more: Copy This 3 Day Panama Itinerary
Fun Facts About Panama
With its colonial history, natural biodiversity and Spanish culture, there's a lot to learn about Panama! We summarized 20 unique facts about Panama in this post.Read more: Unique Things You Never Knew About Panama
And that's our mini travel guide to Panama!
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